The first detailed Moon photo was taken 50 years ago today

Until 50 years ago today, we had never seen exactly what the Moon’s surface looked like. As the Space Race heated up, NASA launched the first Ranger probe in 1961, intending to capture photographs and scout the way forward for a human landing. But a rocket on Ranger 1 failed to fire, sending the craft falling back into Earth’s atmosphere with its mission uncompleted. This pattern would continue for three years and five more frustrating missions.

Finally, in 1964, Ranger 7 made it to the Moon. On July 31st, at 9:08AM ET, it returned the image above, capturing the Alphonsus and Ptolemaeus craters (on the right) and the lunar “Sea of Clouds.”  Over the next 17 minutes, it would send back 4,316 images, returning the last one less than 3…

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