When news of the Mississippi baby who was “functionally cured” of HIV broke in 2013, a woman in Italy went to her doctors. Much like her own child, the American girl had been born with HIV, and had immediately received antiretroviral therapy following her birth. Now, doctors were announcing that the Mississippi baby had remained virus free for 10 months after stopping the treatment. Aggressive, early intervention had cured her, doctors said. So, when the mother in Italy saw the good news, she asked her child’s physicians to do the same. She wanted her three-year-old off the drugs, and they agreed.